Most pregnant women are well aware that hormonal and physical changes in pregnancy often cause nausea and lower back pain, but few know that their vision can also be affected.
Most pregnancy-related eye changes are mild and transient, and vision returns to normal after the baby is born. There are, however, some problems that may require intensive medical care. What are the issues that may occur, and a new mother should know in order to take appropriate measures to prevent them?
Dry Eyes & Blurred Vision
Initially, the mildest and most major vision problems that can occur in a mother are dry eyes and blurred vision. In women prone to dry eyes, the condition can worsen and create problems in everyday life or make it challenging to use contact lenses on those who wear them. The solution is the continuous use of drops to lubricate the eyes. At the same time, especially women who wear lenses should consult their doctor to make sure that the liquids of contact lenses are safe for use in pregnancy.
Blurred vision is due to fluid retention, which is a common occurrence in pregnancy. Retention can lead to thickening and change in the shape of the eye’s cornea, with the result that any existing refractive problems are exacerbated (e.g. myopia increases) and the images may appear distorted.
Both blurring and dry eye symptoms subside after childbirth and vision are usually restored. However, vision needs to be re-examined a year later to confirm that are no permanent problems, such as increased myopia, that have been caused during the pregnancy or nursing periods.
Although these problems are relatively painless and straightforward to deal with, some others are much more serious and complex. Thus, if a pregnant woman experiences a transient loss of vision, a sensitivity to light, blurred vision and sees some kind of aura around blinking objects or lights, she should contact her gynaecologist immediately or go to the hospital directly, as these symptoms may be a sign of preeclampsia.
Equally serious can be the effects of pregnancy on the retina, the lining of the back of the eye. The myriad physical, hormonal and metabolic changes of pregnancy can result in the development of certain retinal diseases or exacerbation of pre-existing conditions.
Some other diseases caused by pregnancy are hypertensive retinopathy and choroidal disease, all caused by increased blood pressure in the pregnant woman. Another one is the exudative retinal detachment that is an emergency condition that requires immediate surgical treatment of pain.
Ophthalmic diseases that worsen during pregnancy periods include idiopathic choroidal retinopathy(is a disease of the macula, i.e. the central area of the retina) and diabetic retinopathy. Therefore, women with gestational diabetes should be cautious in regulating their blood sugar levels.
Dealing with this type of problem must be done very carefully and with the assistance of the obstetrician-gynaecologist who monitors the woman. As for surgical treatments and especially for retinal surgeries they should be delayed until the pregnancy is completed. Of course, in all these cases, prevention is the ideal treatment. That is why regular check-ups at an ophthalmologist are the ideal solution.
By visiting the Aris Vision Correction clinic, mothers will be able to check their vision and possibly prevent a possible visual complication. Because the period of pregnancy is a period full of challenges for the woman and draws her absolute attention and interest so that it becomes as painful and pleasant as possible for her and her baby.